How to Form an LLC in Vermont

Vermont is a small state, but it is very business-friendly. Vermont is home to more than 74,900 small businesses, 72% of them with no employees. A limited liability company (LLC), which allows business owners to set up a small business in the state, is a great way to protect their personal assets and avoid the potential for financial ruin.

This guide will help you to start an LLC in Vermont. Continue reading to learn the steps.

If you want to use an LLC formation service, visit our list of the best LLC services in Vermont.

Establishing an LLC in Vermont

You can ensure that the LLC process runs smoothly by preparing the necessary documents before you submit the paperwork. This will help you avoid unnecessary expenses.

Check Name Availability

A business name that is too closely related to another business name will not be registered by the Secretary of State. This is to avoid confusion for consumers. The Express search feature will allow you to search for your potential business name at the Secretary of State. You can change the name of your company if another company appears.

Register online and pay $20 to reserve your name.

Appoint a Registered Agent

Each Vermont LLC must have a registered Agent who is authorized to receive legal documents. A Vermont resident, or a company authorized by Vermont to do business in Vermont must be the registered agent. For notification purposes, you must also identify an office.

Northwest R.A. is the 2nd largest registered agent service, charging $125/year. CT Corporation aka Wolters Kluwer is the largest, oldest, and one of the most expensive, charging $337/year. CT Corp charges $788 for incorporation with reg. agent service.  

Many LLCs have a member who acts as their registered agent. If you don’t have a member, you can hire one. These services usually cost between $50 and $300 per year.

Register Your Domain Name

You will need to secure the domain name as soon as possible if you have a website for marketing your business. You can use the domain name to describe your business or provide a description of what you offer. A domain broker can help you secure the domain name. Most domain names cost between $0.99 and $49.99 per annum. Premium names can be more costly.

Register Your Vermont LLC

The Vermont Online Business Service Center takes less than one day to process your LLC. It can take up to 10 business days to process the Articles of Organization if you mail them. The filing of the Articles of Organization costs $125. Send forms to:

Vermont Secretary of StateCorporations Section

128 State Street

Montpelier, VT 05633-1104

After You Form Your Vermont LLC

After your paperwork has been processed, you will need to add other elements to your LLC.

Make an Operating Agreement

An operating agreement describes the business model of an LLC. It lists the members and their roles as well as their contributions. Although it is not required by law, this document has legal power in the event of a conflict among members. It gives the business legitimacy and a purpose.

Register for an Employer Identification Number (EIN).

Most LLCs require an EIN. EIN is a nine-digit number that’s similar to the Social Security number issued in by the Internal Revenue Service. EINs are required for most LLCs to open bank accounts, establish payroll withholding and set up state tax accounts. The online application allows you to request your EIN from the IRS.

Filing of Annual Reports

Each year, your LLC must file an annual return. Within three months after the close of your LLC’s fiscal calendar year, you must file an annual report. It costs $35 to file the report online through the Online Business Service Center.

Correction of Filing Mistakes

Let’s say you discover that your Articles of Organization are incorrect. You can send an Article of Correction to the Secretary of States’ office. The article should include the correct information, the date of filing, the name and company of the correction, as well as the document’s name. A copy of the incorrect filing should be attached. The correction costs $25. You cannot correct an error online and there is no form.

Vermont LLC Dissolution

There are certain things you must do to properly dissolve your business if you decide to shut it down. Notify your creditors and close all bank accounts. You must also notify the IRS. The IRS will require you to file final tax returns. You will also need to file the Articles of Termination form through the Online Business Service Center. To dissolve an LLC, there is a $20 charge

Most Frequently Asked Questions

What are the differences between these two types of LLCs

An LLC can either be managed by members or a manager.

If my LLC has no income, do I need to file taxes?

Depending on whether an LLC has one or more members, most LLCs will be taxed either as sole proprietorships (or partnerships) or sole proprietorships (or both). Sole proprietorships must report business income on Schedule C. However, Schedule C is not required if the LLC has no business activity. If you file as a partnership, there is no need to file a partnership tax return if the LLC does not have income or you are not claiming expenses. The LLC can choose to be treated like a corporation and must file a tax return, even if there was no business activity in the year.

How can I make myself pay from my LLC?

Your LLC’s tax status will determine how you pay yourself. The majority of members pay themselves via an owner’s pull, which is a transfer from the business’s cash reserves to your personal account. Members should not use their business accounts to pay for personal expenses or purchases. This will prevent any commingling of assets. Your LLC may be taxed as an entity and you could receive a salary. For more information on taxes and how to pay yourself out of your LLC, consult an accountant.

  Information provided on this website is for general information and educational purposes only. It is not intended to offer legal advice specific to your business needs. If you need legal advice, you should consult with an attorney. Rankings and reviews are the personal opinions of the authors and/or editors. For questions, while starting a business, we recommend consulting with an attorney or accountant.