LLC vs S Corp Utah

A Utah LLC represents an independent business structure. In contrast, an S Corporation is not a separate entity but a tax designation one can choose via the IRS. Various business structures, including LLCs, can opt for the S Corporation tax status.

A comparison table highlighting the key points regarding corporate income tax and individual income tax for Utah LLC, S Corp, and C Corp:

Utah LLC S Corp C Corp
Taxation Type Pass-through Pass-through Double taxation
Tax Filing Personal Income Tax Personal Income Tax Corporate Income Tax
Corporate Income Tax No No Yes
Owners’ Personal Liability Limited Liability Limited Liability Limited Liability
Tax Rate Based on individual tax Based on individual tax Flat corporate tax rate
Pass-Through Tax Yes Yes No
Self-Employment Tax Yes (on owner’s income) No No
Tax Deductions Individual level Individual level Corporate level
Employment Tax No Yes (on employee wages) Yes (on employee wages)
Annual Reporting No Yes Yes
Flexibility in Ownership High Restricted Restricted
Foreign Ownership Permitted Restricted Permitted


  1. Utah State Tax Commission: Utah Business Entity Types
  2. IRS: S Corporations
  3. IRS: C Corporations

Please note that tax laws and regulations can change over time, so it’s essential to consult with a qualified tax professional or refer to the latest information provided by the Utah state tax authority for the most accurate and up-to-date details.

The general distinction between how LLCs and S Corps are taxed in the U.S. including Utah. 

1. LLC (Limited Liability Company)

An LLC is generally a “pass-through” entity for tax purposes, which means the company itself doesn’t pay taxes. Instead, the profits and losses are passed through to the owners, who report this income on their personal tax returns. This helps to avoid the double taxation issue that can occur with traditional corporations (C Corporations).

However, an LLC also has flexibility in how it can be taxed. It can choose to be taxed as a disregarded entity (if it’s a single-member LLC), a partnership (if it’s a multi-member LLC), or even a corporation.

In Utah, an LLC must also pay the state’s franchise tax, which is a minimum of $100 per year. This is not an income tax but a fee for the privilege of doing business in the state.

2. S Corp (S Corporation)

Like an LLC, an S Corp is typically a pass-through entity for federal income tax purposes. The company’s profits and losses are passed through to the shareholders, who report this income on their personal tax returns.

However, a key distinction between an S Corp and an LLC is how they deal with employment taxes. In an S Corp, owners who work in the business are treated as employees. They must be paid a reasonable salary, which is subject to Social Security and Medicare taxes (also known as self-employment taxes).

Any remaining profits can be distributed to the owners as dividends, which are not subject to these taxes. This can potentially lead to tax savings.

As for Utah taxes, S Corporations must file a Utah S Corporation Franchise or Income Tax Return. The tax rate is 4.95% of Utah’s net income.

Remember, each business situation is unique, and these descriptions are simplifications of complex tax laws. Before deciding on a business structure, it’s best to consult with a qualified tax professional who can consider your specific circumstances and provide advice tailored to your situation.

How do Utah LLC and S Corp ownership requirements compare?

Utah LLC Ownership Requirements:

  1. Number of Owners: A Utah LLC can have one or more owners, known as members.
    • Source: Utah Code Section 48-2c-302
  2. Residency Requirements: There are no specific residency requirements for owners of a Utah LLC. Owners can be individuals or other entities, including non-U.S. residents.
  3. Ownership Restrictions: Utah LLCs do not have any restrictions on the type of owners. They can be individuals, other LLCs, corporations, partnerships, or even non-U.S. residents or entities.
  4. Management Flexibility: Utah LLCs offer flexible management structures. Members can manage the LLC themselves (member-managed), or they can appoint managers who may or may not be members (manager-managed).

S Corp Ownership Requirements:

  1. Number of Owners: An S Corporation (S Corp) can have up to 100 shareholders.
  2. Ownership Restrictions: S Corps have specific ownership restrictions. Only eligible shareholders are allowed, which include individuals, certain trusts, estates, and specific types of tax-exempt organizations. Non-U.S. residents, partnerships, and most corporations cannot be shareholders.
  3. Residency Requirements: There are no specific residency requirements for S Corp shareholders. They can be residents or non-residents of the United States.
  4. Management Flexibility: S Corps generally have a more structured management framework, with a board of directors overseeing the company’s operations. Shareholders elect the board, which appoints officers responsible for day-to-day management.

It’s important to note that while the information provided here is generally accurate, it’s crucial to consult with a qualified legal professional or accountant familiar with Utah state laws and regulations to ensure compliance with specific requirements and to address any unique circumstances related to your business.

Note that tax laws can change over time, so it’s important to consult with a local tax professional for the most accurate and up-to-date information.

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Brian Wilson Writer and Editor
Brian Wilson is the content manager and founder of LLC Radar. Brian grew up in North Texas, just outside of Dallas, and has a bachelor's degree in business from Southern Methodist University. Since graduating from SMU, Brian has gained over 10 years of experience in business writing for several online publications. Brian resides in Plano, Texas and he can be reached by email: Phone: 972-776-4050
  Information provided on this website is for general information and educational purposes only. It is not intended to offer legal advice specific to your business needs. If you need legal advice, you should consult with an attorney. Rankings and reviews are the personal opinions of the authors and/or editors. For questions, while starting a business, we recommend consulting with an attorney or accountant.